Wuxia

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Wǔxiá (Traditional Chinese: 武俠; Simplified Chinese: 武侠, Mandarin IPA: [wuɕiɑ], Cantonese Pinyin: mou5 hap6), literally meaning "martial (arts) heroes" or "martial art chivalry", is a distinct quasi-fantasy sub-genre of Chinese martial arts genre in literature, television and cinema. This work of Chinese fiction usually converge upon wandering swordsmen who are portrayed as men or women with heroic virtues like justice, bravery, honor, loyalty, love and righteousness in the World of Martial Arts or Jiang Hu (江湖). The Wuxia genre is one of the most distinctive and widely-read forms of modern Chinese fiction.


The Wuxia genre is popular in Chinese culture because it is the unique blend of cultural background involving ancient Chinese medicine, Buddhism, Taoism, Yishu (the art of living with changes) and various types of occultism with martial arts philosophy of Xia (俠, "chivalry", "a chivalrous man or woman") developed throughout history. Although the Xia or "chivalrous" concept of values is often translated as "knights", "chivalrous warriors" or "knights-errant", most Xia aspects are so rooted in the social and cultural environment of ancient China. Guided by this thought, Wuxia genre is created in a way that justice and evil are clear and definite. Taking revenge for a wrongdoing is often a recurring feature in Wuxia genre, and is mostly the basis of a whole novel. Wuxia story is woven into a grand epic feeling into a rich tapestry of characters, political intrigue, and quest for justice. It's about individual characters in their own quests for revenge, honor and respect.